Agra, located in the northern part of India, is a city with a rich history and cultural heritage, most famously known for the stunning Taj Mahal. The city was a prominent center during the Mughal Empire, and there are numerous historical and architectural gems to explore. Here are 10 best things to do in Agra, unveiling the treasures of the Mughal Empire:
Visit the Taj Mahal:
No trip to Agra is complete without visiting the iconic Taj Mahal. This white marble mausoleum, built by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
Explore Agra Fort:
Agra Fort, another UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a massive red sandstone fort that served as the main residence of the Mughal emperors. Explore its intricate architecture, including the Diwan-i-Am, Diwan-i-Khas, and the beautiful Moti Masjid.
Discover Fatehpur Sikri:
A short drive from Agra, Fatehpur Sikri is a well-preserved Mughal city built by Emperor Akbar. The complex includes stunning structures like the Buland Darwaza, Panch Mahal, and the Jama Masjid.
Visit Itmad-ud-Daulah's Tomb:
Often referred to as the "Baby Taj," this tomb is the final resting place of Mirza Ghiyas Beg, the father of Empress Nur Jahan. It features intricate marble inlay work and beautiful gardens.
Explore Mehtab Bagh:
Located across the Yamuna River from the Taj Mahal, Mehtab Bagh offers a serene view of the iconic monument. It's a great place to relax, especially during sunset.
Marvel at Sikandra Fort:
Sikandra Fort is the tomb of Akbar the Great. The tomb's architecture is a blend of Hindu, Christian, Islamic, Buddhist, and Jain motifs, reflecting Akbar's secular beliefs.
Visit Jama Masjid:
Agra's Jama Masjid is one of the largest mosques in India. Built by Shah Jahan, it is a fine example of Mughal architecture with its impressive domes and minarets.
Explore Chini ka Rauza:
This lesser-known monument is the tomb of Allama Afzal Khan Mullah, a scholar and poet. It is known for its colorful tile work, and the name "Chini ka Rauza" translates to "China's tomb" due to the extensive use of glazed tiles.
Take a Walk in the Mughal Gardens:
Agra is home to several Mughal gardens. Meander through the lush greenery of Ram Bagh, Soami Bagh, and other gardens that reflect the Mughal love for horticulture.
Shop at Sadar Bazaar:
Dive into the local culture by exploring Sadar Bazaar. Here, you can shop for traditional handicrafts, marble artifacts, leather goods, and more.
Remember to soak in the rich history and architectural brilliance that Agra has to offer, making your visit a journey through the treasures of the Mughal Empire.